Varicose vein is a common disease, its cause is not fully known. Hereditary factors and lifestyle causes (excess weight, lack of exercise) may both contribute to its occurrence.We cannot eliminate the weakness of the venous wall, still we can remove the developing varicose veins, aiming to eliminate the pathologic connections between superficial and the deep vein system and thus avoid the recurrence of the varicose veins. These connections should be eliminated directly, where they enter the deep vein, otherwise, recurrence of the varicose veins is more likely. The location of the pathological connections is usually determined with Doppler flow meter or imaging ultrasound examination.
Varicose veins cause tensive pain of the veins, the feeling of heavy limbs, tension of the limb, development of an edema around the ankle and reduction of the physical fitness. It makes the patients more susceptible to developing inflammation or blood clots in the varicose veins. Due to the consequential worsening of the deep vein circulation, it can lead to the development of deep vein thrombosis.
VARICOSE VEINS ARE NOT ONLY COSMETIC PROBLEMS.
Red blood cells and blood proteins exit the sluggish blood in the superficial vein to the skin and depositing around the nourishing capillaries worsen the metabolism of the skin and can lead to thickening degeneration, brownish discolouration of the skin and the development of unhealing ulcers.
Treatment of varicose veins
The treatment of varicose veins belongs to the field of angiosurgery. The superficial, spider web like the appearance of the disease only causing aesthetic complaint is common.
Conceivable thickening of the capillaries in the upper layer of the skin, which is not considered a disease, rarely causes complaints, but due to the aesthetically unpleasing bluish spots many women would like to get rid of them. They can be treated with laser or sclerosing injection (causing stenosis). The treated capillaries are usually closed permanently, however new vessels might appear at a different location after a few years. A new treatment might be necessary after 4-5 years.
Sclerosing injections cause local inflammation within the wall of the small blood vessels. After the treatment, the blood vessels should be squeezed with compression stockings or strips. Circulation ceases in the small branches and the vessels are closed permanently. First, the blood vessels are treated with diluted injections, because usually, this treatment closes them already. Only the remaining branches are injected a second time. We use foamy solution for the treatment. This careful treatment is recommended so that patients with more sensitive skin have no skin discolouration after the treatment.
There are two surgical treatment options available.
If the valves of the main superficial are still not insufficient, a local vein surgery performed under local anesthesia on a small area is sufficient. Through small, few millimetre cuts and the use of special devices the surgeons can remove the dilated veins, which cannot be treated with laser or injection. The small cuts hardly leave noticeable traces. The recovery time is shorter with this procedure and the veins can be treated with better aesthetic results. Plastic surgery is no longer suitable for the treatment of severe, wounded or discoloured skin anomalies. Do not neglect your vein disease. In these cases, an extended surgery performed under general or spinal anesthesia, which can only be carried out in a surgical environment with the necessary equipment.
The surgery is performed as a one-day surgery. The patient undergoes detailed anesthesiological examination before the planned surgery. It does not require hospitalization. The surgery is performed under general or spinal anesthesia. During the surgery, the insufficient superficial venous circulation is eliminated with traditional technology or with the most modern laser. The patient spends one day in the institution. The next day the patient can walk and can go home wearing bandage. The details are always customized and the subjects of preliminary personal consultation.
Following the successful surgery, the patient can live a full life.